**Plato and Timaeus and Nous**

**It all started in 360 BC.....**

Timaeus is a work by the Greek philosopher **Plato**, written in 360 BC. It is mostly in the form of a monologue by Timaeus.

"In the Timaeus Plato presents an elaborately wrought account of the formation of the universe and an explanation of its impressive order and beauty. The universe, he proposes, is the product of rational, purposive, and beneficent agency. It is the handiwork of a divine Craftsman (“Demiurge,” dêmiourgos) who, imitating an unchanging and eternal model, imposes mathematical order on a preexistent chaos to generate the ordered universe (kosmos). The governing explanatory principle of the account is teleological: the universe as a whole as well as its various parts are so arranged as to produce a vast array of good effects. For Plato this arrangement is not fortuitous, but the outcome of the deliberate intent of Intellect (nous), anthropomorphically represented by the figure of the Craftsman who plans and constructs a world that is as excellent as its nature permits it to be."

First published Tue Oct 25, 2005 in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosopy; substantive revision Mon Dec 18, 2017

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato-timaeus/

The grand book of the universe ... was written in the language of mathematics, and its characters are triangles, circles, and other geometric figures, without which it is impossible to understand a single word of it

Galileo Galilei 1623